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您现在的位置:主页 > 成考资料 > 外语 >

学位英语模拟试题(2)

来源:深圳成考网 2020-10-30

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  There are many older people in the world and there will be many more. A liMe-known fact is that over 60 percent of the older people live in developing countries. According to the World Health Organization, by 2020 there will be 1 billion, with over 700 million living in developing countries.

  It is a surprising fact that the population ageing is particularly rapid in developing countries. For example, it took France 115 years for the proportion of older people to double from 7 percent to 14 percent. It is estimated to take China a mere 27 years to achieve this same increase.

  What arethe implications of these increased numbers of older folk? (76) One of the biggest worries for governments is that the longer people live. the more likelihood there is for diseases and for disability( 残疾). Attention is being paid to the need to keep people as healthy as possible, including during old age, to lessen the financial burden on the state.

  (77) Another significant problem is the need for the younger generations to understand and value the older people in their society. In some African couintries, certainly in Asia, older people are respected and regarded as the ones~ with special knowledge. Yet traditions are fading away daily, which does not ensure the continued high regard of older people. As society changes, attitudes will change.

  Much needs to be done to get rid of age discrimination (歧视) in employment. Life-long learning programs need to be provided to enable older peopleto be active members in a country's development.

  Social security policies need to be established to provide adequate income protection for older people. Both public and private schemes are vital in order to, build a suitable safety net.  To achieve equality in such matters will take considerable time and effort. One thing is sure: there is no time to be lost.  1. The proportion of older people

  A. is bigger in developed countries than in developing countries

  B. is one-seventh of the population developing countries

  C. will increase much faster in China than in France

  D. will be sixty percent in developing countries by 2020

  2. According to the passage, which of the following are governments most worded about?

  A. The diseases and disability of older people.

  B. The longer life and good health of people.

  C. The loss of taxes on older people.

  D. The increasing respect for older people.

  3. It is stated directly in the passage that older people should

  A. be treated differently in different cultures

  B. enjoy a similar lifestyle

  C. be ignored as society changes

  D. be valued by the younger generations

  4. Which of the following measures is NOT mentioned to solve the population ageing problem?

  A. Getting rid of age discrimination in employment.

  B. Ensuring adequate income protection for older people.

  C. Providing free health care for sick older people.

  D. Supplying life-long learning programs to older people.

  5. The author concludes in the last paragraph that

  A. governments have spent lots of time in solving the ageing problem

  B. population ageing is a hard problem, but it needs to be solved urgently

  C. people are too busy to solve the population ageing problem

  D. much time and effort will be lost in solvin the ageing problem

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  The multi-billion-dollar Western pop music industry is under fire. It is being blamed by the United Nations for the dramatic rise in drug abuse worldwide. "The most worrying development is a culture of drug-friendliness,"says the UN's International Narcotics Control Board in a report released last year.

  The 74-page study says that pop music, as a global industry, is by far the most influential trend-setter for young people of most cultures."Some songs encourage people to take drugs. (78) Certain pop stars make statements and set examples as if the use of drugs for non-medicinal purposes were a normal and acceptable part of a person's lifestyle,"the study says.

  Surprisingly, says the Board, the effect of drug-friendly pop music seems to survive despite the occasional shock of death by overdose (过量用药). "Such incidents tend to be seen as an occasion to mourn (哀悼) the loss of a role model, and not an opportunity to face the deadly effect of drug use,"it notes. Since the 1970s, several internationally famous singers and movie stars--including Elvis Presley, Janice Joplin, John Belushi, Jimi Hendrix, Jonathan Melvin and Andy Gibbs--have died of eitherdrug abuse or drugrelated illnesses. With the globalization of popular music, messages promoting, drug abuse are now reaching beyond their countries of origin. "In most countries, the names of certain POP stars have become familiar to the members of every household,"the study says.

  The UN study also blames the media for its description of certain drug incidents, which encourages rather than prevents drag abuse. "Over the past years, we have seen how drug abuse is increasingly regarded as being acceptable or even attractive,"says Hamid Ghodse, president of the Board. "Powerful pressure groups mn political campaigns aimed at legalizing controlled drugs,"he says. Ghodse also points out that all thee developments have created an environment which is tolerant(容忍的) of or even favorable to drug abuse and spoils international drug prevention effortscurrently under way.

  The study focuses on demand reduction and prevention within an environment that has become tolerant of drug abuse. The Board calls on governments to do their legal and moral duties, and to act against the pro-drug (赞成吸毒) messages of the youth culture to which young people increasingly are be'rug exposed.

  6. Which of the following statements does ,the author tend to agree with?

  A. The use of drags for non-medicinal purposes is, an acceptable part of a person's lifestyle.

  B. The spreading ofpop music may cause drag abuse to go beyond country boundaries.

  C. No efforts have been made to prevent the spreading of drag abuse.

  D. Governments have no ability to act against the pro-drag messages of the youth culture.

  7. The expression "under fire"? in the first paragraph means

  A. in an urgent situation

  B. facing some problems

  C. being criticized

  D. in trouble

  8. From the third paragraph, we learn that the youth

  A. tend to mourn the pop stars who died of overdose as role models

  B. are shocked to know even pop stars may abuse dmgs

  C. try to face the deadly effect of drug use

  D. may stop abusing drugs

  9. Which of the following is. not mentioned as tolerant of drug abuse?

  A. The spreading of pop music.

  B. The media.

  C. Political campaigns run by powerful pressure groups.

  D. The low price of some drags.

  10. According to the passage, pop music

  A. has a great influence on young people of most cultures

  B. attracts a small number of young people

  C. is not a profitable industry

  D. is alone responsible for drug abuse

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based onthe following passage:

  (79) Extensive new studies suggestthat the world has, made extraordinary progress in reducing poverty in recent decades. The research suggests that the pace of economic progress has been rapid and continued for decades, built on the foundations of relative political stability, rising trade, and economic liberalization (自由化) after two world wars. One new study, published recently by the Institute for International Economics in Washington, finds that the proportion of the 6.1 billion people in the world who live on $1 a day or less shrank from 63 .percent in 1950 to 35 percent in 1980 and 12 percent in 1999. By some other measures, the progress has been more modest. Still, economists agree that poverty has plunged in key nations such as India and especially China, thanks to slowing population growth as well as economic freedom. "This is a huge success for the world as a whole,"says Harvard University economist Richard Cooper. "We are doing something right."

  The news comes as the World Bank is about to open its annual meeting in Washington' an event that has been troubled in recent years by protests that the Bank and its sister institution, the International Monetary Fund (IMF国际货币基金组织), have done too little for the world's poor. (80) The new economic research will not put an end to that dispute. Vast populations remain poor, and many still question the wisdom of World Bank policies. Nonetheless, the research findings are helpful to understand what policies should be followed by th6se institutions and hundreds of other development groups working very hard to hasten the pace of world economic progress. If dramatic gains are under way, the present policies-- calling for open markets, freebusiness activities, and tight monetary control are working and correct.

  But critics of IMF and World Bank policies maintain that such economic.success stories as Japan, China, South Korea and Singapore are rooted in more than just "free', markets. These nations have managed to grow rapidly, and thereby reduce poverty, by limiting imports when their domestic industries were yotmg, pushing exports to rich nations, and putting controls on purely international financial;flows. They have been open to foreign-owned factories but have often insisted that those investors share"the knowledge and skill on modem technologies,

  11. The word "plunged" in the firs paragraphmeans

  A. decreased

  B. Climbed

  C. increased

  D. dropped into water

  12. From the passage, we learn that__________

  A. World Bank has done nothing to help the poor in the world

  B. IMF only helps the rich in the world

  C. World Bank controls all the banks in the world

  D. there are some demonstrations against World Bank in recent years

  13. According to this passage, in__________, the world had the largest number of poor people.  A. 1999 B. 1980 C. 1950 D. 1990  14. According to the author, the economy of East Asian countries grew very fast because of the following measures EXCEPT__________

  A. encouraging export

  B. opening up to foreigninvestments

  C.limiting international financial flows

  D. controlling import

  15. The best title for this passage might be__________.

  A. China's Contribution to the Reduction of Poverty in the World

  B. World Bank's Extraordinary Progress in Recent Decades

  C. India's Leading Role in Reducing Global Poverty

  D. Global Progress in Reducing Poverty

  Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  16. By the time you finish your homework, all of us__________ ours at hand, I'm sure.

  A. will finish B. will have finished C. have finished D. have been finishing

  17. In time of trouble Charliecould always__________a solution.

  A. put aside B. look down upon C. break out D. come up with

  18. Before building a house, you will have to__________the government's permission.

  A. get from B. follow C. receive D. ask for

  19. The director had her assistant__________some hot dogs for the staff members.

  A. picked up B. picks up C. pick up D. picking up

  20. ______their hats into the air, the fans of the winning team let out loud shouts of victory.

  A. TO throw B. Thrown C. Throwing D. Being thrown

  21. It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which of the parents spoke the language.

  A. none B. neither C. both D. each

  22. You'd better go there by train. The train ticket is __________ the plane ticket.

  A. as cheap three times as B. as three times cheapas  C. three times as cheap as D. cheaper three times than

  23. This new machineis technically far__________ to the previous type.

  A. Superior: B. junior C. senior D. equal

  24. There is a great deal of evidence____that music activities engage different parts of the brain.

  A. indicate B. Indicating C. indicated D. to be indicating

  25. She became the first woman to enter the school but withdrew after a few days_____stress.

  A. because of B. in spite of C. instead of D. In honor of

  26.______is known to us all is that the 2012 Olympic Games will be held in London.

  A. It B. What C. As D. Which

  27. The discovery of these tombs is__________for scholars' studying Chinese history.

  A. of very important B. great significant C. of great significance D. greatly importance

  28. Sean's strong love for his country is______in his recently published poems.

  A. relieved B. Reflected C. responded D. recovered

  29. Would You please keep silent? The weather report__________and I want to listen.

  A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast C. has been broadcast D. had been broadcast

  30. The teacher stressedagain that'the students should not______any important details while retelling the story.

  A. bring out B. let out C. leave out D. make out

  31. The man moved_____forward and looked over the edge, shrinking his shoulders.

  A. accurately B. Cautiously C. brilliantly D. disappointedly

  32. The police are trying to find out the______of the woman,killed in the traffic accident.

  A. evidence B. recognition C identity D. status

  33. By no means__________to her parents.

  A. this is the first time has she lied B. this is the first time does she tell a lie  C. is this the first time She has lied D. is this the first time she was lying

  34. Climate change will greatly_____wheat and rice production if nations don't take steps now.

  A. fall B. leak C. lack D. reduce

  35. She always buys__________ my birthday.

  A. something awful to B. anything awful to  C. something nice for D. anything nice for

  36. He failed to live Up to __________had been expected of him.

  A. what B. which C. that D. all

  37. It is very _____ of you to arrange an early.meeting between your boss and our team.

  A. considerate B. Considerable C. consideriiig D. considered

  38. I would have told him about the change of time for the class,________to class last 'tune.

  A. did he come B. he came C. had he come D. he had come

  39. The wind was so strong last night that it tore the______ of the ship into two or three pieces.

  A. mask B. mine C. sail D. satellite

  40. ____all the money people here spend eating out, restaurants' profit is still below five percent.

  A. Despite B.Thanks to C. Since D. Like

  41. Many a man__________lifeis meaningless without a purpose.

  A. thinks B. thinking C. have thought D. think

  42. John left home twenty minutes ago. It is usually half an hour's drive from his home to theoffice here. So he__________soon.

  A. should have arrived B. need arrive C. must have arrived D. may arrive

  43. ___Hongkong, is often regarded as____international Centre for business, finance and tourism.

  A./; an B. An; / C. The; / D./; the

  44. They went__________the schedule for the conference again and again until they felt satisfied with every detail of it.

  A. out B. up C: over D. by

  45. Schools should teach'our kids various subjects, and moreover, teach them how to ______right:from wrong.:

  A. mn B. take C. tell D. put

  Part IIICloze (10%)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Of all the websites, one that has attracted attention recently is myspace.com. Most of this attention has come from the media and tells every reason. 56 the website should be 57. The threat of Intemet predators (窃掠者) is indeed a tough reality, 58 shutting down the site is not the answer. If myspace.com 59 shut down, another site would quickly 60 its place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them 61 who maybe predators and how to 62 them.

  The key to 63 safe on the Intemet is to make sure that.Y0Ur profile (个人资料)is secure. The 64 way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to "private", which protects your information 65 only the people on your friend list can'view it. Although this is.66, it is not perfect. Predators can find ways to view your profile if they really want to,67 through hacking in (黑客入侵) or figuring out their way onto your friend list. Thus, you should never post too much personal 68. Some people actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and so on, often 69 predators know exactly where they will be and 70 .

  The most information that is safe is your first name and province. Anything more is basically 71 a predator into your life.

  Another big problem is photos. I suggest 72 skipping photos and never posting a photo of a friend online without his or her 73.

  Most important, never, 74 any 'circumstances, agree to a real-ife meeting with anyone you meet online, 75 how well you think you know this person. There are no guarantees that they have told the truth.

  56. A. what B. how C. why D. which

  57. A. get into B. open up C. shut down D. turn on

  58. A. but B. even C. despite D. since

  59. A. is B. are C. was D. were

  60. A. get B. make C. push D. take

  61. A. as B. about C. for D. in

  62. A. avoid B. get C. benefit D. hide

  63. A. stay B. be staying C. stayed D. staying

  64. A. difficult B. Simplest C. simple D. most difficult

  65. A. as to B. no matter C. so that D. because

  66. A. efficient B. Interesting C. effective D. impressive

  67. A. if B. whether C. however D. whatever

  68. A. information B. documents C. fries D. messages

  69. A.letting B. make C. allow D.let

  70. A. what B. why C. when D. how

  71. A. introducing B. Inviting C. investing D. interrupting

  72. A. partly B. Mostly C. lastly D. completely

  73. A. favor B. Rule C. information D. permission

  74. A. above B.'under C. at D. below

  75. A. no matter B. even if C. unless D. also

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

  76.One of the biggest worries for governments is that the longer people live, the more likelihood there is for diseases and for disability (残疾).

  77.Another significant problem is the need for the younger generations to understand and value the older people in their society.

  78..... Certain pop stags:make statements and set examples as if the use of drags for non-medicinal purposes were a normal and acceptable part of a person's lifestyle...

  79.Extensive new studies suggest that the world has made extraordinary pmgressin reducing poverty in recent decades.

  80. The new economic research will not put an end to that dispute.  SectionB

  Directions:In this part there are five sentences in Chinese.You should translate them into English.Be sure to write clearly.

  81.我父亲在找工作,我母亲在医院照看外祖母。

  82.今天早上他起床晚了,所以没有赶上火车。

  83.你们昨天的会议得出什么结论了吗?

  84.我在回家的路上,买了一本英汉词典。

  85.一直到12月下旬,他们才让我加入他们小组。

  考试参考答案

  1~~~15 CADCB BCADA ADCBD

  16~~~45 BDDCC BCABA BCBBC  BCCDC AACCA ADACC

  56~~~75 CCADD BADBC CBAAC BDDBA

  76. 政府最为头疼的事情之一在于,人们的寿命越长,就会出现越多的疾病和残疾。

  77. 另外一个重要的问题在于,要让年轻人理解和尊重老年人在社会的价值。

  78. 某些流行歌手和影星发表了一些言论并且树立了这样一些典范,仿佛非医疗用途服用药物是一个人生活当中最为正常不过并且可以被接受的方面。

  79. 最近的新型研究显示,我们的社会已经在最近几十年中,对于减少贫困人口方面做出了很大贡献。

  80. 新型的经济研究,也不会将这一争论进行终结。

  81. My dad is looking for a job while my mother is looking after me grandmother.

  82. He got up so late this morning that he missed the train.

  83. Did you draw any conclusion in gesterday's meeting?

  84. I bought an English-Chinese dictionary on me way home.

  85. They didn't allow me to join their group until the end of December.

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